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    20-21 Unit 2 泛读·技能初养成.doc

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    20-21 Unit 2 泛读·技能初养成.doc

    阅读教材P2021中的材料,选出最佳选项1Why does Wang Peng choose to eat out for the Spring Festival family dinner?AThey have eaten out for three years.BHe wants to change the traditions.CHe doesn't want to prepare for it.DHe wants to spend more time with family and relax himself.2Which of the following statements is TRUE about Wang Peng?AEating out may lead to loss of traditions.BPreparing for dinner at home is not well worth.CEating out is more enjoyable without all that tiring cooking.DEating out is more enjoyable than that at home.3Why is Liu Yonghui a bit unhappy about that his son booked a table at a restaurant for this year's Spring Festival family dinner?AHe thinks eating in the restaurant may cost a lot of money.BHe thinks eating out won't feel like Spring Festival.CHe thinks eating out may not be as enjoyable as eating at home.DHe thinks the dishes in the restaurant may taste terrible.4What is the author's main purpose of writing the letters?ATo give advice.BTo ask for advice.CTo express their ideas.DTo make a promise.答案14DCBCWords and Phrasesrequest n& v请求,要求 (教材P17)What do the words in bold indicate:an order,a request,ability or possibility?粗体词表明什么:命令、请求、能力还是可能性?例1It is my last request.I shall never ask you anything again.这是我最后的请求。我再也不会向你提任何要求。例2 Don't respond to any e­mails requesting personal information,no matter how official they look.不要回复任何索要个人信息的邮件,无论它看上去多么正式。造句我恳求你费心重新考虑一下我的请求。I beg you to kindly reconsider my request. 知识拓展(1)make a request for 要求得到at the request of 应的请求by request 按照请求(2)request sb.to do sth. 请求某人做某事request that(should) do sth. 请求做即学即练单句语法填空Li Ming made a request for a computer from his parents.The report has been written at the request of the manager.You are requested to make(make) a speech at the next meeting.We requested that the next meeting (should) be held(hold) on Friday.名师点津在request后的名词性从句中谓语用“should动词原形”,should可以省略。fancy adj.花哨的,别致的;豪华的 v喜欢,想要;相信,认为;想象 n喜爱;幻想(教材P17)At a fancy dress party.在一个豪华的化装晚会上。例1We stayed at some fancy hotel in the center of London.我们住在伦敦市中心的某家豪华酒店里。例2I fancy I would enter your dreamland someday and pour out my heart to you.我想象有一天能进入你的梦境,向你倾诉我的心里话。造句姑娘们已打扮好了准备参加这个豪华的化装舞会。The girls have dressed up for the fancy­dress ball. 知识拓展(1)fancy doing sth.想要做某事fancy oneself as 自认为是(2)take a fancy to 突然爱上,突然喜欢上take/catch sb.'s fancy 中某人的意,吸引某人即学即练单句语法填空We're having a party this evening.Do you fancy coming(come) along?She saw a dress in the shop window and it caught(catch)her fancy immediately.The children have taken quite a fancy to their teacher.attract v吸引,引起的兴趣 (教材P18)The lantern fair attracts a lot of people,so it's one of the busiest times of year for the traffic police.灯会吸引了很多人,所以这是一年中交警最忙的时候之一。例1In summer the beach attracts countless children.夏天海滩吸引了无数的孩子。例2As we drove along,the beautiful scenery now and then attracted our attention.我们一路开着车,美丽的风景不时引起我们的注意。造句该博物馆每周都吸引大批游客。The museum attracts a number of visitors every week. 知识拓展(1)attract sb.to sth.把某人吸引到attract sb.'s attention 引起某人的注意(2)attraction n. 吸引(力); 具有吸引力的事物/人(3)attractive adj. 有吸引力的;引起兴趣的即学即练单句语法填空Attracted(attract) by the beauty,the girl decided to spend another two days on the farm.What attracted me most to the job was the chance to travel.There are a lot of attractions(attraction)in China.小片段助记The Great Wall is an attraction,whose scenery is very attractive,and it attracts a large number of tourists every day.competition n比赛,竞赛(教材P18)We'll hold a lantern riddles competition,too.我们还将进行猜灯谜比赛。例1In man's early days,competition with other creatures must have been critical.在人类的早期,人和其他生物的竞争想必是生死攸关的。例2Living in an ever increasingly fast­paced world,we are facing greater competition.生活在一个节奏越来越快的世界,我们面临更大的竞争。造句我们将进行比赛,看谁游泳最快。We are going to have a competition to see who can swim the farthest. 知识拓展(1)in competition with 与竞争(2)compete v. 参加比赛,竞争compete in 参加比赛compete with/against 与竞争compete for 为而竞争(3)competitor n. 竞争者;对手competitive adj. 竞争的即学即练单句语法填空We're in competition with several other companies for the contract.How many runners will be competing in the marathon?She beat all the other competitors(competitor) in the final match and won the gold prize.It is also a virtue to forgive and forget,especially in such a competitive(compete) and stressful society.小片段助记The competition is very fiercehundreds of competitors are competing for 56 medals,so I regret having taken part in this competitive game.admit v(不情愿地)承认;准许进入;接纳;可容纳(教材P20)Can't they admit that the preparations for the dinner are hard work?难道他们不承认准备晚餐很辛苦吗?例1I couldn't admit to my parents that I was finding the course difficult.我无法向父母实话实说,我觉得这门课程很难。例2If you leave the club,you will not be admitted back in again.如果你离开本俱乐部,就不会被准许再加入。造句你可能不喜欢她,但你必须承认她工作做得不错。You may not like her,but you have to admit that she's good at her job. 知识拓展(1)admit doing/having done sth.承认做过某事(2)admit sb.to/into 准许某人进入/加入be admitted to/into 被接收(入学/入院/入党)等(3)admission n. 承认;准许进入;入场券即学即练单句语法填空You should have the courage to admit making/having made(make) mistakes.I still remember three years ago when I was admitted to/into this school.Study hard and you will be admitted(admit) to a key university.Please telephone for opening times and admission(admit) charges.巧学助记effort n力气,精力(教材P20)I really don't think it's worth the effort of spending so much time preparing for a single meal我真的认为花这么多时间仅仅准备一顿饭是不值得的例1It takes a lot of time and effort to get an exhibition ready.准备一次考试需要大量的时间和精力。例2The success or failure of the matter depends on your own effort.事情的成败在于你自己的努力。造句你应该把更多的精力投入到工作上。You should put more effort into your work. 知识拓展(1)make an effort/efforts/every effort to do sth.尽一切努力做某事put more effort into one's work/study 更加努力地工作/学习spare no effort to do sth. 不遗余力地做某事(2)with effort 努力地,艰难地without effort 容易地,不费力地即学即练单句语法填空We must make efforts(effort) to turn our ideal into reality.Food safety is very important,so the government spares no effort to prevent(prevent) food pollution.The little boat rolled down the river without effort with the wind behind her.loss n丢失,丧失;亏损,损失(教材P20)Eating out is a good choice and it has nothing to do with loss of traditions.外出就餐是一个好的选择,它与传统的丧失无关。例1He serves the public wholeheartedly,regardless of his personal gain or loss.他全心全意为公众服务,从不计较个人得失。例2Many parents feel a sense of loss after their children leave home.孩子们离家后,许多父母会有失落感。造句由于这起事故公司遭受了巨大损失。The company suffered a heavy loss as a result of the accident. 知识拓展(1)a sense of loss失落感at a loss 困惑;不知所措(2)lose v. 丧失;失去;迷路;输掉lose face/heart/weight 丢面子/灰心/减肥(3)lost adj. 迷路的;丢失的;全神贯注的be/get lost 迷路be lost in 专心于,全神贯注于lose lost for word 不知说什么才好即学即练单句语法填空He was at a loss on hearing the sudden news.I must study hard to make up for the lost(lose) time.Lost in thought,he almost ran into the car in front of him.occasion n场合,时刻(教材P20)The occasion is more enjoyable without all that tiring cooking,and the dishes taste better!没有了做饭的烦恼,这种场合更让人舒心,而且饭菜味道更好!例1I was beginning to feel the spirit of the occasion.我开始感受到现场的气氛。例2You shouldn't have lost control of your temper on such an occasion.你不应该在这种场合发脾气。造句在这种场合你说这样的话是不合适的。What you said on the occasion was not suitable. 知识拓展(1)on occasion 有时on one occasion 有一次on the occasion of 在的时候;在之际(2)occasional adj. 偶尔的,不时的,特殊场合的occasionally adv. 有时,偶尔即学即练单句语法填空On one occasion,she called me in the middle of the night.He was presented with the watch on the occasion of his retirement.There will be occasional(occasion) showers during the day.process n(为达到某目标的)过程,进程 v加工,处理(教材P21)To me,the process is even more important than the dinner itself.对我来说,这个过程甚至比年夜饭本身更重要。例1Learning is a process in which we adapt ourselves to our surroundings.学习就是我们让自己适应周围环境的一个过程。例2Most of the food we buy is processed in some way.我们购买的大部分食物都被不同程度地加工过。造句教他阅读是一个缓慢的过程。Teaching him to read is a slow process. 知识拓展(1)in process正在进行in the process (of) 在(的)过程中(2)processinto 把加工成(3)processed adj. 加工过的,处理过的即学即练单句语法填空He has just finished one book and has another in process.The company is in the process of moving to new offices.Wholefood is considered healthier than processed(process) food.exist v存在,实际上有(教材P22)A fact is something that exists or has happened事实是指存在或已经发生的事情例1The custom of arranged marriage still exists in many countries.许多国家仍然存在着包办婚姻的习俗。例2There exists many factors influencing the children's future success.有很多影响孩子未来成功的因素。造句他们很穷,几乎不能生存。They are so poor that they can hardly exist. 知识拓展(1)exist in 在于exist on 靠生存;靠生活There exist(s) 有(2)existence n. 存在;生存come into existence/being 开始存在(表示动作)be in existence 存在(表示状态)(3)existing adj. 现存的,现行的即学即练单句语法填空He could hardly exist on such a low wage.Scientists have many theories about how the universe first came into existence.I think it a good way to solve the existing(exist) problem in geography.小片段助记There exists an old hospital at the corner,but no one knows when it came into existence.Sentence Patternsnot everyone构成部分否定(教材P20)Nowadays,some people choose to have the dinner in a restaurant,but not everyone is keen on this idea.当前一些人选择在餐馆吃(年夜)饭,但并不是每个人都喜欢这个想法。句式分析:not everyone构成部分否定,有时也可用“everyonenot”表示。英语中的all,both,every,everybody,everything,always,whole,entirely等具有总括意义的代词、形容词、和副词与否定词not连用,无论not位置如何,均构成部分否定,表示“并非都”的意思。例1Not everybody/everyone has the goodness to forgive.并非每个人都有原谅别人的美德。例2All are not friends that speak well of us.说我们好话的并非都是朋友。造句不是他写的每一本书都有趣。Not every book he wrote is interesting. 知识拓展英语中的no,none,never,nobody,nothing,neither,no one,nowhere等表示否定意义的词与肯定式谓语一起使用构成“全部否定”。翻译Neither of his sisters(他两个姐姐都不) agrees to his suggestion.As a matter of fact,none of us(我们没有人) can live alone in society.即学即练单句语法填空Not both of my parents are in favor of my idea of travelling around the world.He spoke so decidedly that none of us dared question him.We don't meet often.We only see each other occasionally(occasional)not onlybut also不仅而且(教材P21)It was not only for the delicious food that we seldom got to eat,but for the opportunity to have our whole family gathered together.这不仅是因为我们很少吃到的美食,而且因为有机会让我们全家人聚在一起。句式分析:(1)not onlybut also用于连接并列成分,其中also可省略。(2)not onlybut also连接并列主语时,其谓语动词的数通常与邻近的成分保持一致,即“就近原则”。(3)not onlybut also连接两个分句时,若not only位于句首,则其所在的句子要用部分倒装,但but also所在的句子不倒装。例1Not only the students but also their teacher likes playing football.不仅同学们而且他们的老师都喜欢踢足球。例2Not only did he point out my shortcomings,but he also helped me to overcome them.他不仅指出我的缺点,而且还帮助我改正它们。造句他们不但经验丰富、知识渊博,而且耐心、善解人意。They are not only experienced and knowledgeable,but also patient and understanding.即学即练单句语法填空Playing football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also gives(give)us a sense of fair play and team spirit.Not only John and Tom but also their sister,Mary,takes(take) great interest in the piano lessons.Not only does Mary speak French,but also she knows how to type.从段落中抓大意方法技巧:有些文章或段落的主题句位于文章或段落的中间部分。此类文章往往以一句或几句话引出要表达的主题,在主题句出现后,再举例陈述细节或继续论证,即引题主题思想解释或继续论证。例题剖析When you throw a ball up into the air as fast as you can,the ball reaches a point where it seems to pause a moment,and then it comes down.When a bullet is shot straight up,it will travel much faster and higher than a ball,but it,too,will come down.Whatever goes up must come down. We have always thought this to be true.An airplane may climb to a height of seventeen miles and then travel fast and long.Yet it does not stay up forever.Finally,like everything else,the plane must come down.Which of the following statements can best summarize the main idea of the paragraph?AA bullet falls down like a ball.BAnything that goes up must fall down.CA plane travels in the same way as a bullet.DEverything has weight.B本段文字完全按照“引题主题思想解释或继续论证”的顺序来写。文中划线的句子是主题句,主题句之前举了两个例子,之后是对主题句的补充解释。A项和C项只是介绍了其中的细节情况,D项隐含义很强,但很明显不是本文的主题。即学即练Popularity is a well­explored subject in social psychology.Mitch Prinstein,a professor of clinical psychology sorts the popular into two categories:the likable and the status seekers.The likables' plays­well­with­others qualities strengthen schoolyard friendships,jump­start interpersonal skills and,when tapped early,are employed ever after in life and work.Then there's the kind of popularity that appears in adolescence:status born of power and even dishonorable behavior.What is the paragraph mainly about?AThe classification of the popular.BThe characteristics of adolescents.CThe importance of interpersonal skills.DThe causes of dishonorable behavior.A段落大意题。根据本段内容以及第二句的句式特点(句中有冒号),可暂时断定第二句是本段的主旨句。而第三句和第四句分别用The likables'和Then there's the kind of popularity that appears in adolescence引出后文内容,恰恰就是介绍了受欢迎的两类人:讨人喜欢型和追求地位型。同时我们发现本段第二句中的关键词sortinto(把分成)与A项中的classification相呼应,所以A项可以概括本段大意。

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