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    20-21 Unit 3 泛读·技能初养成.doc

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    20-21 Unit 3 泛读·技能初养成.doc

    阅读P3233的教材课文,选出最佳选项1Which of the following statements is TRUE about Li Yue?AHe has improved his health through running.BHis asthma stopped him from running in the races.CHe won gold in the under 18's 10,000 metres next year.DHe took part in local races after hearing the doctor's advice.2Which is NOT the reason that David goes running for?ATo reduce his stress from work.BTo let him not feel anxious.CTo move the tension from his mind.DTo face the new challenge.3What is the purpose of the Great Gorilla Run?ATo raise money to save the gorillas from dying out.BTo receive a gorilla suit and off they go.CTo get a banana for a running gorilla.DHave a great day out in London.4What's the main idea of the passage?AFour runners share their stories about running.BIt tells the benefits gained from running.CIt explains the reasons why they began to run.DThey want to make friends through running.答案14ADAAWords and Phrasesbalance n平衡 v(使)平衡;权衡(教材P30)Using only a rope,you can develop your footwork and balance.仅用一根绳子,你就可以改善你的步法和平衡。例1You were working too hard.You'd better keep a balance between work and relaxation.你工作太努力了,你最好使工作和休闲保持均衡。例2You had better balance your diet by eating more fruit and less meat.你最好通过多吃水果少吃肉来均衡饮食。造句 这个女孩失去了平衡,从自行车上掉了下来。The girl lost her balance and fell off the bike. 知识拓展(1)the balance of nature自然平衡keep/lose/break the balance 保持/失去/打破平衡on balance 总的来说(2)balanceagainst 把与进行权衡(3)balanced adj. 平衡的a balanced diet 均衡饮食即学即练单句语法填空Despite some failures,our firm has had quite a good year on balance.You have to balance the advantages of living in a big city against the disadvantages.To live a long and healthy life,we must learn to have a balanced(balance) diet.involve v包含,需要;涉及;使参与(教材P31)It involves doing very slow physical exercises to relax your mind and calm your body.它包含做非常缓慢的身体锻炼来放松你的思想和平静你的身体。例1Michelle found a job as a high school teacher which involves spending quite a lot of time with students.米歇尔找到了一份中学老师的工作,这份工作需要花费相当多的时间和学生在一起。例2Try to involve as many children as possible in the game.让尽可能多的孩子参与到游戏中来。造句经营你自己的生意通常需要工作很长的时间。Running your own business usually involves working long hours. 知识拓展(1)involve doing sth.包含做某事involve sb.in (doing) sth. 使某人参与(做)某事(2)involved adj. 复杂的;有关联get/be involved in 参与;被卷入即学即练单句语法填空The test will involve answering(answer) questions about history.Students should involve themselves in community activities where they can gain experience for growth.The manager interviewed everyone involved(involve) in the accident to find out what had actually happened.名师点津involved adj.作前置定语时,意为“复杂的”;作后置定语时,意为“涉及的”。例如:an involved sentence“一个复杂的句子”;the people involved“所涉及的人”。response n回答,答复(教材P31)During the interview,listen carefully to each question and try to understand the main ideas within the interviewee's responses.在面试期间,仔细听取每个问题,尽量理解面试者的答复的主旨。例1More and more,silence was the response he had come to use.他越来越多地用沉默作答。例2He said that he was delighted with the public response.他说公众的反应让他欣喜。造句我敲了敲门,但没有回应。I knocked on the door but there was no response. 知识拓展(1)in response to 作为的回应make a response to 对做出回应(2)respond v. 回答;回应respond to 答复,对作出回应即学即练单句语法填空She made no response(respond) to his question because she could think of nothing to say.I am writing in response to your advertisement for a temporary position as a waiter.You should think it over before you respond to the question.power n力量;权力;能力;动力 v供给动力(教材P33)Then I discovered an app called Running Power.然后我发现了一个名叫“奔跑力量”的应用程序。例1The aim is to give people more power over their own lives.目的是让人们更能主宰自己的生命。例2The power station gives light and power to the whole city.这座电站供给全市照明和动力用电。造句我不能帮你做那件事,因为这超出了我的能力。I can't help you with that,because it is beyond my power. 知识拓展(1)come to/into power掌权,上台,执政 in power 当权beyond one's power 某人力所不能及within/in one's power 有能力;力所能及(2)powerful adj. 有力的;(药等)有功效的 即学即练单句语法填空When the new president came to/into power,he took a series of measures to improve people's life.The government in power is devoted to the improvement of education.I will do everything within/in my power to help you,but you must get prepared to meet all kinds of difficulties.Never before has our country been so powerful(power) as it is today.in turn 反过来,转而;依次,轮流(教材P33)It can be quite stressful at times,though,which in turn makes me feel anxious.然而,有时压力很大,这反过来又让我感到焦虑。例1Theory is based on practice and in turn serves practice.理论的基础是实践,反过来理论又为实践服务。例2Each of you in turn must tell the funniest joke he or she can think of.你们每个人依次讲一个你们能想到的最好笑的笑话。造句他们依次回答了老师的问题。They answered the teacher's questions in turn. 知识拓展by turns 轮流地take turns in doing/to do sth. 轮流做某事It's one's turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事。即学即练单句语法填空The shop assistants had to have their days off by turns.They had to take turns to look(look) after the patients.I think it's my turn to drive(drive) the kids to school this week.People try to avoid transportation delays by using their own cars,and this in turn creates further problems.名师点津in return与in turn形式相近,但前者意为“作为交换,作为回报”。die out 消失,绝迹,灭绝(教材P33)This is a programme run by The Gorilla Organization to raise money to save the world's last remaining gorillas from dying out.这是大猩猩慈善协会发起的一个项目,旨在筹集资金拯救世界上仅存的大猩猩免于灭绝。例1Perhaps too much fighting caused the dinosaurs to die out.或许太多的争斗使得恐龙灭绝了。例2Many rare animals are dying out.We must find ways to protect our environment.许多稀有动物即将灭绝。我们必须找出方法来保护我们的环境。造句那种风格的音乐十年前就已经消失了。That style of music died out ten years ago. 知识拓展(1)die away (声音或感情等)慢慢变弱/渐渐消失die down (风或噪音等)渐弱;逐渐平息die off 先后死去;一一死去die of/from 死于(2)be dying for 很想要;渴望be dying to do sth. 极想做某事即学即练单句语法填空Although the wind died down completely,the air was still as cold as before.To his great sorrow,his chickens were dying off from the disease.After hours of working in the hot sun,the men were dying for cold water.They didn't realize the importance of protecting environment until all the fishes in the river died outinspire v鼓舞,激励,激起(教材P34)End by saying why he/she inspires you.最后说说他/她为什么会激励你。例1The first success inspired us greatly later in the competition.初战的成功对我们后面的比赛鼓舞很大。例2His first novel was inspired by the memory of his mother.他的第一本小说的灵感来自对他妈妈的记忆。造句我们的成功激励了我们并增强了我们的信心。Our successes have inspired us and strengthened our confidence. 知识拓展(1)inspire sb.to do sth.激励某人做某事inspire sb.with sth./inspire sth.in sb. 激起某人的某种情感(2)inspiring adj. 鼓舞人心的,启发灵感的inspiration n. 鼓舞;启示;灵感即学即练单句语法填空The failure inspired him to work(work) harder than ever.The captain's heroic effort inspired them with determination.Many poets and artists have drawn their inspiration(inspire) from nature.Inspired(inspire) by the sunny weather,I decided to explore the woods.小片段助记The inspiring speech gave the students great inspiration,raised their confidence and inspired their motivation to work hard.persuade v说服,劝服(教材P35)He then persuaded me to try ice hockey.然后他说服我尝试打冰球。例1You can save your breath:you'll never persuade her.别白费唇舌了,你说服不了她。例2We have no idea how to persuade him to give up this idea.我们不知道如何说服他放弃这个念头。造句无论我们如何努力去说服他,他都不听。No matter how hard we tried to persuade him,he wouldn't listen. 知识拓展persuade sb.to do sth. persuade sb.into doing sth.说服某人做某事persuade sb.not to do sth. persuade sb.out of doing sth. 说服某人不做某事persuade sb.of sth. 使某人相信某事persuade sb.that 使某人相信即学即练单句语法填空I managed to persuade my classmates to accept(accept) my idea.He couldn't persuade us of the truth of his statement.It will be difficult to persuade them that there's no other choice.名师点津persuade sb.to do sth./persuade sb.into doing sth.表示“说服某人做某事”,强调结果;advise sb.to do sth./try to persuade sb.to do sth.表示“劝说/试图说服某人做某事”,强调动作,但未必成功。Sentence Patternswhetheror引导让步状语从句(教材P29)Whether you're a professional athlete or keen sportsperson,DX Sports Watch is the ideal choice for you.不管你是职业运动员还是热衷于运动的人,DX运动手表是你理想的选择。句式分析:whetheror引导让步状语从句,意为“不管还是”。此句式还可用于whetheror not或whether or not。例1Whether he eats or sleeps,he takes his mobile phone.他无论吃饭还是睡觉,都拿着手机。例2Whether you go or not,I will go to visit my teacher.不管你去还是不去,我都要去看望我的老师。造句无论你是否相信,这都是真的。Whether you believe it or not,it's true. 知识拓展whetheror还可引导主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句,意为“是还是”。翻译It remains to be seen whether or not the operation is successful(手术是否成功)Another important difference is whether it is a state school or a private one(是公办学校还是私立学校)即学即练单句语法填空It doesn't matter whether you pay in cash or by credit card in this store.What I want to know is whether or not you have lost faith in me.before引导时间状语从句(教材P32)But before I knew it,I was taking part in local races.但不知不觉地,我就参加了当地的一些比赛。句式分析:before作连词引导时间状语从句时,在句中的译法很灵活。通常有以下含义:在之前就;在之后才;还未来得及就。例1He had hung up before I could tell him where to wait for him.我还没来得及告诉他在哪里等他,他就挂断了电话。例2We must clear up the classroom before we go home.我们必须把教室打扫好了之后再回家。造句时间过得很快,不知不觉已经过了三个月。Time passed quickly and three months have passed by before I knew it. 知识拓展before引导时间状语从句的常用句式:(1)It be时间段before多长时间后就/才(2)It be时间点before不久就翻译If you miss this chance,it may be years before(可能需要很多年才) you get another one.It will not be long before(不久之后) we get used to the new school life.即学即练单句语法填空He rushed out of the room before I could say a word.He took time to answer our questions.It was fully a minute before he spoke.John thinks it wouldn't be long before he is(be) ready for his new job.猜测词义猜测词义,是指在阅读中根据对语篇的信息、背景知识及语言结构等的综合理解去猜测或推断某一生词、关键词的词义。方法技巧:利用上下文与其意义上的联系猜测词义利用文中的举例猜测词义根据构词法进行猜测根据因果关系进行猜测例题剖析But he's nervous.“I'm here to tell you today why you shouldshould”Chris trips on the “­ld,”a pronunciation difficulty for many non­native English speakers.His teacher,Thomas Whaley,is next to him,whispering support.“Vote forme”Except for some stumbles,Chris is doing amazingly well.When he brings his speech to a nice conclusion,Whaley invites the rest of the class to praise him.What does the underlined word“stumbles” in the paragraph refer to?AImproper pauses.BBad manners.CSpelling mistakes. DSilly jokes.A词义猜测题。根据段落中的“you shouldshould”以及“Vote forme”这样的语句特点可知,Chris的演讲不流畅,也就是说有不适当的停顿。这是他表现不好的地方,与画线词后的句意“他完成得非常好”构成转折关系,与短语except for的语意相呼应。注意:高考阅读中的熟词生义现象非常关键,例如,如果能够注意到本段中的trips一词在此语境中的特殊意义(意为“绊倒”)则有助于快速解答此题。即学即练Soon afterwards,many of those people started settling down to become farmers,and their languages too became more settled and fewer in number.In recent centuries,trade,industrialisation,the development of the nation­state and the spread of universal compulsory education,especially globalisation and better communications in the past few decades,all have caused many languages to disappear,and dominant languages such as English,Spanish and Chinese are increasingly taking over.Which of the following best explains“dominant” underlined in the paragraph?AComplex. BAdvanced.CPowerful. DModern.C根据本段最后一句“In recent centuriesall have caused many languages to disappear,and dominant languages such as English,Spanish and Chinese are increasingly taking over”可知,近几个世纪以来,随着社会的发展,很多语言已经消失,英语、西班牙语、汉语逐渐占主导地位。complex“复杂的”;advanced“高级的,先进的”;powerful“有影响力的”;modern“现代的”。故选C。

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