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    原版英语RAZ 教案Q60-American Football.pdf

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    原版英语RAZ 教案Q60-American Football.pdf

    Visit www.readinga- for thousands of books and materials.American Football A Reading AZ Level Q Leveled BookWord Count:960WritingDo you think American football players should have to wear the football gear shown in the book?Why or why not?Write a persuasive essay using details from the book to support your answer.Social StudiesChoose a football legend mentioned in the book.Research to learn more about him.Create a trading card for the football player that includes a picture on the front and details about his life and football career on the back.Connectionswww.readinga-Written by Louanne SilverLEVELED BOOK QLEVELED BOOK QAmerican Footballwww.readinga-What is American football,and how did it become Americas favorite sport?Focus QuestionWritten by Louanne SilverAmerican Football American Football Spectacular Sports Level Q Leveled Book Learning AZWritten by Louanne SilverAll rights reserved.www.readinga-championshipdefensiveend zonekickoffoffensive lineplatoonsquarterbackspectacularwide receiverWords to KnowFront cover:Arizona Cardinals safety Pat Tillman(right)tackles San Francisco 49ers wide receiver Jerry Rice(left)in San Francisco in 2000.Back cover:The Indiana Colts during a game at Lucas Oil Stadium in Indianapolis,IndianaPage 3:Georgia running back Todd Gurley(right)dives into the end zone for a touchdown as Kentucky cornerback Jaleel Hytchye(left)defends in a game in Athens,Georgia.Photo Credits:Front cover:Andy Kuno/Reuters/Corbis;back cover:PCN/Corbis;title page,page 7(bottom left):Gizelka/iStock/Thinkstock;page 3:John Bazemore/AP Photo;page 4:John Gaps III/AP Photo;page 5:Brian Garfinkel/Icon SMI/Corbis;page 7(top):Everett Collection Inc/Alamy;page 7(bottom right):numb/Alamy;page 8:Pongphan Ruengchai/iStock/Thinkstock;page 10:Aspenphoto/D;page 11:Timothy L.Hale/Zuma Wire/Z Live News;page 12:Frank Jansky/Zuma Wire/Alamy Live News;page 13:Eugene_Onischenko/iStock/Thinkstock;page 14:Greg Trott/AP Photo;page 15(left):Rachel Mummey/Zuma Press/Corbis;page 15(right):Cameron Spencer/Photodisc/ThinkstockCorrelationLEVEL QN3030Fountas&PinnellReading RecoveryDRA3American Football Level QTable of ContentsSix Seconds to Go .4Americas Favorite Sport .5Football in Other Countries .6A New Sport Is Born .7Playing the Game .9Football Legends .14Many Kinds of Football .15Glossary .164“The Tackle”is one of the most dramatic moments in Super Bowl history.Six Seconds to GoThe date is January 30,2000.The Tennessee Titans and the St.Louis Rams are playing in the Super Bowl,American footballs greatest game.With the Rams ahead 23-16,the Titans are at the Rams 10-yard line.There are only six seconds left in the game.Titans quarterback Steve McNair passes the ball to wide receiver Kevin Dyson,whose outstretched arm comes up just 1 yard(0.91 m)short of the end zone.The crowd goes wild as the Rams win their first Super Bowl championship.With exciting game endings like this,it isnt hard to see why the spectacular sport of American football is something to cheer about.3American Football Level QTable of ContentsSix Seconds to Go .4Americas Favorite Sport .5Football in Other Countries .6A New Sport Is Born .7Playing the Game .9Football Legends .14Many Kinds of Football .15Glossary .164“The Tackle”is one of the most dramatic moments in Super Bowl history.Six Seconds to GoThe date is January 30,2000.The Tennessee Titans and the St.Louis Rams are playing in the Super Bowl,American footballs greatest game.With the Rams ahead 23-16,the Titans are at the Rams 10-yard line.There are only six seconds left in the game.Titans quarterback Steve McNair passes the ball to wide receiver Kevin Dyson,whose outstretched arm comes up just 1 yard(0.91 m)short of the end zone.The crowd goes wild as the Rams win their first Super Bowl championship.With exciting game endings like this,it isnt hard to see why the spectacular sport of American football is something to cheer about.5The Philadelphia Eagles are entering the field to play against the St.Louis Rams at Lincoln Financial Field in Philadelphia.American Football Level QAmericas Favorite SportAmerican football is the most popular sport in the United States.More fans attend football games and watch football games on TV than any other sport.About seventy thousand fans attend each National Football League(NFL)game.The NFLs championship gamethe Super Bowlis one of the biggest sports events in the world.6Football in Other CountriesAbout seventy countries around the world have American football teams.The sport is not as popular as some other sports,but interest in the game is growing.Canada has had its own form of football for more than one hundred years.Canadian football is like American football.However,the field size,number of players,and some of the rules are different.Arena football,an indoor version of American football,has been around since the 1980s.Its fast games take place on a small playing field.Nations of the International Federation of American Football Nations of the International Federation of American Football PACIFIC OCEANATLANTIC OCEANINDIAN OCEANASIAAFRICANORTH AMERICASOUTH AMERICAEUROPEAUSTRALIAEquator5The Philadelphia Eagles are entering the field to play against the St.Louis Rams at Lincoln Financial Field in Philadelphia.American Football Level QAmericas Favorite SportAmerican football is the most popular sport in the United States.More fans attend football games and watch football games on TV than any other sport.About seventy thousand fans attend each National Football League(NFL)game.The NFLs championship gamethe Super Bowlis one of the biggest sports events in the world.6Football in Other CountriesAbout seventy countries around the world have American football teams.The sport is not as popular as some other sports,but interest in the game is growing.Canada has had its own form of football for more than one hundred years.Canadian football is like American football.However,the field size,number of players,and some of the rules are different.Arena football,an indoor version of American football,has been around since the 1980s.Its fast games take place on a small playing field.Nations of the International Federation of American Football Nations of the International Federation of American Football PACIFIC OCEANATLANTIC OCEANINDIAN OCEANASIAAFRICANORTH AMERICASOUTH AMERICAEUROPEAUSTRALIAEquator7Walter Camp is the“Father of American Football.”Some people believe that early American footballs were probably rugby balls that were made of inflated pig bladders stuffed into pig hide casings.The balls were oval but were difficult to throw.Over time,the bladder was eliminated and more pointed footballs were developed.Today,we use leather footballs made of cowhide that some people refer to as pigskins.PigskinPigskinAmerican Football Level QA New Sport Is BornIn the late 1860s and early 1870s,students at several North American schools started playing two games from England.Soccer,which is also called football in parts of the world,was mainly played with the feet.Rugby(short for rugby football)was played with hands as well as feet.Yale,in Connecticut,was one of the schools that played rugby.Walter Camp,a Yale student from 1876 to 1881,suggested changes to the games rules.Over time,modern American football was born.modern American footballmodern rugby ball8American Football FieldAmerican Football Fieldsidelineend linegoal lineThe goalpost is 18.5 feet(5.6 m)across and 10 feet(3 m)tall in college and pro football.Kicking the ball above the bar and between the uprights is one way to score.The end zone is 10 yards(9.1 m)wide.The ball must be carried into,or passed and caught in,this area to score a touchdown.50-yard line:This line marks the middle of the field.The number indicates that it is 50 yards(45.7 m)from either end zone.10-yard line:The arrow points in the direction of the closest end zone.5-yard line1-yard hash marks American football gets its nickname“gridiron”from the pattern of yard lines and hash marks on the field.160 feet(48.8 m)360 feet(109.7 m)7Walter Camp is the“Father of American Football.”Some people believe that early American footballs were probably rugby balls that were made of inflated pig bladders stuffed into pig hide casings.The balls were oval but were difficult to throw.Over time,the bladder was eliminated and more pointed footballs were developed.Today,we use leather footballs made of cowhide that some people refer to as pigskins.PigskinPigskinAmerican Football Level QA New Sport Is BornIn the late 1860s and early 1870s,students at several North American schools started playing two games from England.Soccer,which is also called football in parts of the world,was mainly played with the feet.Rugby(short for rugby football)was played with hands as well as feet.Yale,in Connecticut,was one of the schools that played rugby.Walter Camp,a Yale student from 1876 to 1881,suggested changes to the games rules.Over time,modern American football was born.modern American footballmodern rugby ball8American Football FieldAmerican Football Fieldsidelineend linegoal lineThe goalpost is 18.5 feet(5.6 m)across and 10 feet(3 m)tall in college and pro football.Kicking the ball above the bar and between the uprights is one way to score.The end zone is 10 yards(9.1 m)wide.The ball must be carried into,or passed and caught in,this area to score a touchdown.50-yard line:This line marks the middle of the field.The number indicates that it is 50 yards(45.7 m)from either end zone.10-yard line:The arrow points in the direction of the closest end zone.5-yard line1-yard hash marks American football gets its nickname“gridiron”from the pattern of yard lines and hash marks on the field.160 feet(48.8 m)360 feet(109.7 m)9American Football Level QPlaying the GameDuring a football game,two teams try to move the ball into the other teams end zone to score points.Each team has two platoons of eleven players each.(Teams also have a third platoon for kicking.)The offensive line,or platoon,tries to score,and the defensive platoon tries to stop the other team from scoring.The two platoons take turns playing.When Team A has control of the ball,its offensive unit plays Team Bs defensive platoon.When Team B has control of the ball,its offensive platoon plays Team As defensive platoon.A quarterback is the leader of each offensive platoon.CBSSLBLBLBCBDEDTDTDEWRWRRBRBQBTGGTTECDefenseOffenseline of scrimmagePlaying PositionsPlaying PositionsOffenseQBquarterbackCcenterGguardTtackleTEtight endWRwide receiverRBrunning backDefenseDTdefensive tackleDEdefensive endLBlinebackerCBcornerbackSsafety10A West Virginia University quarterback is ready to pass the ball.He wears a towel to wipe off his hands so he can grip the ball well.To move the ball toward the end zone,players can run with it or pass(throw)it to a teammate.The ball must be carried to the end zone or caught there.If a teammate catches the ball,the pass is completed.If a player on the other team catches the ball,the pass is intercepted.If no one catches the ball and it falls to the ground,the pass is incomplete.9American Football Level QPlaying the GameDuring a football game,two teams try to move the ball into the other teams end zone to score points.Each team has two platoons of eleven players each.(Teams also have a third platoon for kicking.)The offensive line,or platoon,tries to score,and the defensive platoon tries to stop the other team from scoring.The two platoons take turns playing.When Team A has control of the ball,its offensive unit plays Team Bs defensive platoon.When Team B has control of the ball,its offensive platoon plays Team As defensive platoon.A quarterback is the leader of each offensive platoon.CBSSLBLBLBCBDEDTDTDEWRWRRBRBQBTGGTTECDefenseOffenseline of scrimmagePlaying PositionsPlaying PositionsOffenseQBquarterbackCcenterGguardTtackleTEtight endWRwide receiverRBrunning backDefenseDTdefensive tackleDEdefensive endLBlinebackerCBcornerbackSsafety10A West Virginia University quarterback is ready to pass the ball.He wears a towel to wipe off his hands so he can grip the ball well.To move the ball toward the end zone,players can run with it or pass(throw)it to a teammate.The ball must be carried to the end zone or caught there.If a teammate catches the ball,the pass is completed.If a player on the other team catches the ball,the pass is intercepted.If no one catches the ball and it falls to the ground,the pass is incomplete.11A North Carolina State quarterback(number 12)dives for the end zone in a game against the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets.American Football Level QTeams can score in several ways.Lets say Team A is playing offense.Team A can score six points with a touchdown by running or passing the ball into Team Bs end zone.Team A also tries to score extra points right after a touchdown by kicking the ball between the goalposts(one point)or running or passing the ball to get to the end zone(two points).Another way for Team A to score is a field goal(three points).To get a field goal,a player kicks the ball between the goalposts.Team Bthe defensecan also try to take the ball from Team A and score points.12The offense(Northwestern Wildcats,left)is ready to try to move the ball against the defense(Notre Dame Fighting Irish,right).The game begins with a kickoff to the offensive team.That team moves the ball toward the other teams end zone and must gain at least 10 yards(9.1 m).The offensive team has four chancescalled downsto either gain those 10 yards or cross the goal line and score.As long as the team gains at least 10 yards within those four downs,it keeps the ball.Then it earns the chance to gain another 10 yards.But lets say the offensive team cant move the ball 10 yards within the four downs.Then the other team gets the ball.11A North Carolina State quarterback(number 12)dives for the end zone in a game against the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets.American Football Level QTeams can score in several ways.Lets say Team A is playing offense.Team A can score six points with a touchdown by running or passing the ball into Team Bs end zone.Team A also tries to score extra points right after a touchdown by kicking the ball between the goalposts(one point)or running or passing the ball to get to the end zone(two points).Another way for Team A to score is a field goal(three points).To get a field goal,a player kicks the ball between the goalposts.Team Bthe defensecan also try to take the ball from Team A and score points.12The offense(Northwestern Wildcats,left)is ready to try to move the ball against the defense(Notre Dame Fighting Irish,right).The game begins with a kickoff to the offensive team.That team moves the ball toward the other teams end zone and must gain at least 10 yards(9.1 m).The offensive team has four chancescalled downsto either gain those 10 yards or cross the goal line and score.As long as the team gains at least 10 yards within those four downs,it keeps the ball.Then it earns the chance to gain another 10 yards.But lets say the offensive te

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